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Selective radical depolymerization of cellulose to glucose induced by high frequency ultrasound

Abstract : The depolymerization of cellulose to glucose is a challenging reaction and often constitutes a scientific obstacle in the synthesis of downstream bio-based products. Here, we show that cellulose can be selectively depolymerized to glucose by ultrasonic irradiation in water at a high frequency (525 kHz). The concept of this work is based on the generation of Hc and cOH radicals, formed by homolytic dissociation of water inside the cavitation bubbles, which induce the cleavage of the glycosidic bonds. The transfer of radicals on the cellulose particle surfaces prevents the side degradation of released glucose into the bulk solution, allowing maintaining the selectivity to glucose close to 100%. This work is distinguished from previous technologies in that (i) no catalyst is needed, (ii) no external source of heating is required, and (iii) the complete depolymerization of cellulose is achieved in a selective fashion. The addition of specific radical scavengers coupled to different gaseous atmospheres and cOH radical dosimetry experiments suggested that Hc radicals are more likely to be responsible for the depolymerisation of cellulose.
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Contributeur : Tony Chave Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 19 novembre 2020 - 18:08:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 avril 2022 - 04:09:08


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Somia Haouache, Ayman Karam, Tony Chave, Jonathan Clarhaut, Prince Nana Amaniampong, et al.. Selective radical depolymerization of cellulose to glucose induced by high frequency ultrasound. Chemical Science , The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2020, 11 (10), pp.2664-2669. ⟨10.1039/D0SC00020E⟩. ⟨hal-02921911⟩



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