Role of Water and Hydroxyl Groups in the Structures of Stetindite and Coffinite, MSiO4 (M = Ce, U) - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Inorganic Chemistry Année : 2021

Role of Water and Hydroxyl Groups in the Structures of Stetindite and Coffinite, MSiO4 (M = Ce, U)

(1) , (2) , (2) , (2) , (1) , (3) , (4) , (2) , (2) , (3) , (3) , (5) , (2) , (1)
1
2
3
4
5

Résumé

Orthosilicates adopt the zircon structure-types (I41/amd), consisting of isolated SiO4 tetrahedra joined by A-site metal cations, such as Ce and U. They are of significant interest in the fields of geochemistry, mineralogy, nuclear waste form development and material science. Stetindite (CeSiO4) and coffinite (USiO4) can be formed under hydrothermal conditions despite both being thermodynamically metastable. Water has been hypothesized to play a significant role in stabilizing and forming these orthosilicate phases, though little experimental evidence exists. To understand the effects of hydration or hydroxylation on these orthosilicates, in situ high temperature synchrotron and laboratory-based X-ray diffraction was conducted from 25 °C to ~850 °C. Stetindite maintains its I41/amd symmetry with increasing temperature but exhibits a discontinuous expansion along the a-axis during heating, presumably due to the removal of water confined in the [001] channels, which shrink against thermal expansion along the a-axis. Additional in situ high temperature Raman and FTIR spectroscopy also confirmed the presence of the confined water. Coffinite was also found to expand nonlinearly up to 600 °C, and then thermally decompose into a mixture of UO2 and SiO2. A combination of dehydration and dehydroxylation is proposed for explaining the thermal behavior of coffinite synthesized hydrothermally. Additionally, we investigated high temperature structures of two coffinite-thorite solid solutions, uranothorite (UxTh1-xSiO4), which displayed complex variations in composition during heating that was attributed to the negative enthalpy of mixing. Lastly, for the first time, the coefficients of thermal expansion of CeSiO4, USiO4, U0.46Th0.54SiO4, and U0.9Th0.1SiO4 were determined to be αV = 4.21 × 10-6 °C-1 , 14.29 × 10-6 °C-1 , 17.21 × 10-6 °C-1 , and 17.23 × 10-6 °C-1 , respectively.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2021 - Inorg Chem - Strzelecki.pdf (8.94 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Dates et versions

hal-03379823 , version 1 (15-10-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Andrew C Strzelecki, Thomas Barral, Paul Estevenon, Adel Mesbah, Vitaliy Goncharov, et al.. Role of Water and Hydroxyl Groups in the Structures of Stetindite and Coffinite, MSiO4 (M = Ce, U). Inorganic Chemistry, 2021, 60 (2), pp.718-735. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c02757⟩. ⟨hal-03379823⟩
15 Consultations
73 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More