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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2024

The endosymbiont and the second bacterial circle of entomopathogenic nematodes: from monoxenic paradigm to pathobiome

Jean Claude Ogier
Sylvie Pages
Marie Frayssinet
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Raymond Akhurst
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Noël Boemare
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Résumé

Single host–symbiont interactions should be reconsidered from Koch's postulates to the notion of a ‘pathobiome’. We revisit here the interactions between entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) and their microbiota. The isolation of the bacteria from the infective juveniles (IJs) of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis species systematically led to the identification of Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus species, respectively, supporting the concept of a symbiotic relationship. In this ‘endosymbiotic bacterium-focused view’, the dogma of natural monoxenicity between the nematode and the endosymbiotic bacterium has become widely accepted as a rule in the scientific community. However, recent high-throughput sequencing studies have shown that EPNs are also associated with other bacterial communities, referred to here as the second bacterial circle of EPNs. Our team profiled the microbiota of Steinernema carpocapsae IJs. Multigenic metabarcoding (16S and rpoB markers) showed that the bacterial community associated with laboratory-reared IJs consisted of the core symbiont (Xenorhabdus nematophila) together with a frequently associated microbiota (FAM) consisting of about a dozen of Proteobacteria (Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, Alcaligenes, Achromobacter, Pseudochrobactrum, Ochrobactrum, Brevundimonas, Deftia, etc.). We validated the profile of the Steinernema FAM by culturomic approaches, isolating diverse bacterial taxa. Within the FAM, two species, Pseudomonas protegens and P. chlororaphis, displayed entomopathogenic properties suggestive of a role in Steinernema virulence and membership of the Steinernema pathobiome. We also hypothesise a potential positive contribution of the second bacterial circle to the whole infectious process and to completion of the main phases of the EPN life cycle. The microbial communities of low complexity associated with EPNs will permit future microbiota manipulation experiments to decipher overall microbiota functioning in the infectious process triggered by EPN in insects and, more generally, in EPN ecology.
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Dates et versions

hal-04567682 , version 1 (03-05-2024)

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  • HAL Id : hal-04567682 , version 1

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Jean Claude Ogier, Sylvie Pages, Marie Frayssinet, Raymond Akhurst, Noël Boemare, et al.. The endosymbiont and the second bacterial circle of entomopathogenic nematodes: from monoxenic paradigm to pathobiome. Celebrating 100 years of the 1st EPN discovery, Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, Apr 2024, Logroño, Spain. ⟨hal-04567682⟩
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