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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Extracellular Vesicles Année : 2023

Exploring the role of polymers to overcome ongoing challenges in the field of extracellular vesicles

Résumé

Abstract Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are naturally occurring nanoparticles released from all eucaryotic and procaryotic cells. While their role was formerly largely underestimated, EVs are now clearly established as key mediators of intercellular communication. Therefore, these vesicles constitute an attractive topic of study for both basic and applied research with great potential, for example, as a new class of biomarkers, as cell‐free therapeutics or as drug delivery systems. However, the complexity and biological origin of EVs sometimes complicate their identification and therapeutic use. Thus, this rapidly expanding research field requires new methods and tools for the production, enrichment, detection, and therapeutic application of EVs. In this review, we have sought to explain how polymer materials actively contributed to overcome some of the limitations associated to EVs. Indeed, thanks to their infinite diversity of composition and properties, polymers can act through a variety of strategies and at different stages of EVs development. Overall, we would like to emphasize the importance of multidisciplinary research involving polymers to address persistent limitations in the field of EVs.

Domaines

Chimie

Dates et versions

hal-04369573 , version 1 (02-01-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Laurianne Simon, Vincent Lapinte, Marie Morille. Exploring the role of polymers to overcome ongoing challenges in the field of extracellular vesicles. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, 2023, 12 (12), pp.e12386. ⟨10.1002/jev2.12386⟩. ⟨hal-04369573⟩
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