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Article Dans Une Revue Molecular Ecology Resources Année : 2023

New deep learning-based methods for visualizing ecosystem properties using environmental DNA metabarcoding data

Alice Valentini

Résumé

Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding provides an efficient approach for documenting biodiversity patterns in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The complexity of these data prevents current methods from extracting and analyzing all the relevant ecological information they contain, and new methods may provide better dimensionality reduction and clustering. Here we present two new deep learning-based methods that combine different types of neural networks (NNs) to ordinate eDNA samples and visualize ecosystem properties in a two-dimensional space: the first is based on variational autoencoders and the second on deep metric learning. The strength of our new methods lies in the combination of two inputs: the number of sequences found for each molecular operational taxonomic unit (MOTU) detected and their corresponding nucleotide sequence. Using three different datasets, we show that our methods accurately represent several biodiversity indicators in a two-dimensional latent space: MOTU richness per sample, sequence α-diversity per sample, Jaccard's and sequence β-diversity between samples. We show that our nonlinear methods are better at extracting features from eDNA datasets while avoiding the major biases associated with eDNA. Our methods outperform traditional dimension reduction methods such as Principal Component Analysis, t-distributed Stochastic Neighbour Embedding, Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling and Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection for dimension reduction. Our results suggest that NNs provide a more efficient way of extracting structure from eDNA metabarcoding data, thereby improving their ecological interpretation and thus biodiversity monitoring.

Dates et versions

hal-04313526 , version 1 (29-11-2023)

Licence

Paternité - Pas de modifications

Identifiants

Citer

Letizia Lamperti, Théophile Sanchez, Sara Si Moussi, David Mouillot, Camille Albouy, et al.. New deep learning-based methods for visualizing ecosystem properties using environmental DNA metabarcoding data. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2023, 23 (8), pp.1946-1958. ⟨10.1111/1755-0998.13861⟩. ⟨hal-04313526⟩
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