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Article Dans Une Revue Biotechnology Letters Année : 2022

The study of the performance of a microbial fuel cell: a progress towards the improvement of low electrical bioenergy output by using an amplification system

Résumé

Objective: A microbial fuel cell (MFC) has been conceived and constructed for the treatment of the sheep manure wastes and their conversion into clean sustainable renewable energy. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the performance of this bioelectrochemical device, in breaking down the organic matter (pollutant removal) and simultaneously producing electricity. Furthermore, the objective was to enhance the low electric energy by using an adequate amplification system. Results: So, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was increased by 58.7% with the MFC running for 10 days. However, this technology faces practical barriers as it produces low electrical energy. A power management system was therefore elaborated in this respect. It included the MFC, operational amplifier (OA), solar photovoltaic panel and a boost DC/DC converter. The low voltage output obtained was thus increased substantially using the OA prior to its polarization by the solar photovoltaic module. The amplified voltage was sufficiently enough and in consequence, utilized to feed a light emitting diode. The low output voltage 0.5 V was simply harvested, successfully boosted up to approximately 2 V (i.e. 4 times higher) and finally harnessed as a power supply. Conclusions: The MFCs association shows the positive stacking effect successfully, when the cells were connected in parallel. This novel application is very interesting to utilize the natural bioenergy contained in wastes to supply small electronic devices.
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Dates et versions

hal-03826218 , version 1 (11-10-2023)

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Mohammed Benghernit, Mostefa Kameche, Fatima Zohra Zerhouni, Fatima Zohra Krim, Tewfik Sahraoui, et al.. The study of the performance of a microbial fuel cell: a progress towards the improvement of low electrical bioenergy output by using an amplification system. Biotechnology Letters, 2022, 44 (12), pp.1359-1378. ⟨10.1007/s10529-022-03304-4⟩. ⟨hal-03826218⟩
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