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Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Organic Chemistry Année : 2022

Organic Synthesis with Elemental Lanthanides – Going Beyond Samarium and Ytterbium

Résumé

Lanthanide (Ln) metals are strong reducing agents (E0(Ln3+/Ln0)≈−2.3 V vs. NHE) which can be applied in various manners in organic synthesis. While samarium and ytterbium have been employed for more than 50 years, the last 20 years have seen the emergence of synthetic applications using other metals, such as lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium or dysprosium. The large electron reservoir of lanthanide metals, the Lewis acidic character of the Ln3+ ions and their intermediate electronegativity compared to lithium or magnesium can provide unique reactivity patterns. This review provides an overview on the potential of these metals for synthetic organic chemistry in the following areas: 1) for Grignard type reactivity and radical generation, 2) in reduction chemistry involving carbonyl compounds and dehalogenation reactions and 3) in combination with transition metals.

Domaines

Chimie organique
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Dates et versions

hal-03679902 , version 1 (30-06-2022)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification

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Guillaume Bousrez, Florian Jaroschik. Organic Synthesis with Elemental Lanthanides – Going Beyond Samarium and Ytterbium. European Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2022, 2022 (18), pp.e202200202. ⟨10.1002/ejoc.202200202⟩. ⟨hal-03679902⟩
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