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Article Dans Une Revue Infectious Diseases Now Année : 2021

Determinants of doctors’ antibiotic prescriptions for patients over 75 years old in the terminal stage of palliative care

Résumé

Notwithstanding high prevalence of presumably bacterial infections in elderly persons (EP) in palliative care (PC), there exists no recommendation on the role of antibiotic therapy (ABP) in this type of situation. Objective: To describe the determinants of antibiotic prescription by general practitioners (GP) and by doctors practicing in institutions (DPI) for patients>75 years, in end-of-life situations in PC. Method: Descriptive investigation by anonymous self-administered questionnaire disseminated in France by e-mail. Results: A total of 301 questionnaires analyzed: 113 GP, 188 DPIs. The latter were mainly geriatricians (69, 36.6%) and infectologists/internists (41, 21.8%). Sixty-three (55,75%) GPs and 144 (78.7%) DPIs stated that they had prescribed antibiotics. Practice in "EHPAD" retirement homes or intensive care was often associated with non-prescription of antibiotics. Age, PC training and number of patients monitored bore no influence. Family involvement in decision-making was more frequent for GPs than for DPIs. The main purpose of antibiotic therapy was to relieve different symptoms (fever, respiratory congestion, functional urinary signs). Most of the doctors (81%) had previously encountered complications (allergy, adverse effect), which represented the main causes of treatment discontinuation. Conclusion: Antibiotic use in end-of-life EPs in PC seems frequent. In accordance with the principle of beneficence, its goal of often symptom-related; that said, in the absence of scientific data, antibiotic prescription in end-of-life situations should be individualized in view of observing the other ethical caregiving principles (beneficence, non-maleficence, justice, patient autonomy) and re-evaluated daily.
Descriptive investigation by anonymous self-administered questionnaire disseminated in France by e-mail.
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Dates et versions

hal-03617327 , version 1 (23-03-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

M. Durand, E. Forestier, C. Gras Aygon, S. Sirvain, B. de Wazières, et al.. Determinants of doctors’ antibiotic prescriptions for patients over 75 years old in the terminal stage of palliative care. Infectious Diseases Now, 2021, 51 (4), pp.340-345. ⟨10.1016/j.medmal.2020.10.013⟩. ⟨hal-03617327⟩

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