Host preferences and biotic potential of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato and pepper - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Arthropod-Plant Interactions Année : 2016

Host preferences and biotic potential of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato and pepper

Résumé

Whiteflies Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) are important pests in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) crops in many countries. Contrary to what is observed for all other countries, in Uruguay, B. tabaci is mainly found on pepper and rarely on tomato, while T. vaporariorum is exclusively found on tomato. This study tested the oviposition preferences and biotic potential of these two whiteflies reared on both host plants. The developmental time, survival rates, longevity, fecundity and main population parameters were characterized. Both whitefly species showed different preference patterns regarding their host plants. T. vaporariorum preferred tomato instead of pepper to oviposit. Their developmental time is longer on pepper. B. tabaci preferred pepper, but the difference from tomato was not very strong. Pepper affects the biotic expression of T. vaporariorum negatively, while B. tabaci is able to develop equally on both host plants. These results show that the distribution differences of both whiteflies observed on both host plants could have a biological basis.
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Dates et versions

hal-03476715 , version 1 (13-12-2021)

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María E. Lorenzo, Gabriela Grille, Cesar Basso, Olivier Bonato. Host preferences and biotic potential of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato and pepper. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 2016, 10 (4), pp.293-301. ⟨10.1007/s11829-016-9434-z⟩. ⟨hal-03476715⟩
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