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Article Dans Une Revue Neurology Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation Année : 2020

Two neurologic facets of CTLA4-related haploinsufficiency

Pierre Labauge


Objective To describe the clinical and radiologic neurologic characteristics of patients with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 ( CTLA4 ) haploinsufficiency. Methods Three patients from 2 families had neurologic manifestations in the context of CTLA4 haploinsufficiency. Their clinical and MRI findings are presented. Results A 16-year-old boy with a previous diagnosis of combined immunodeficiency presented with severe recurrent episodes of headaches, motor deficit, and seizures associated with waxing and waning gadolinium-enhancing FLAIR cortical/juxtacortical hyperintensities. His sister, who also had combined immunodeficiency, had a brain MRI when she was aged 13 years due to recent headaches and transient right hemianopsia. It revealed a gadolinium-enhancing left occipital white matter hyperintensity. Another 49-year-old woman had progressive visual loss and cerebellar ataxia in the context of recurrent pulmonary infections. All 3 patients were found to have inherited CTLA4 haploinsufficiency. Patient 1's general condition and neurologic manifestations were completely controlled with abatacept (CTLA4-Ig). Conclusions These cases suggest that in addition to the variable clinical penetrance and wide spectrum of CTLA4 haploinsufficiency, its neurologic spectrum is broad, ranging from recurrent tumefactive lesions to progressive deficits including cerebellar ataxia and optic atrophy with leukoencephalopathy. These phenotypes must be recognized, and should lead to a complete immunologic workup, because potentially effective targeted immunotherapy exists.
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Dates et versions

hal-03346509 , version 1 (21-01-2022)




Xavier Ayrignac, Radjiv Goulabchand, Eric Jeziorski, Patricia Rullier, Clarissa Carra-Dallière, et al.. Two neurologic facets of CTLA4-related haploinsufficiency. Neurology Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation, 2020, 7 (4), pp.e751. ⟨10.1212/NXI.0000000000000751⟩. ⟨hal-03346509⟩
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