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Article Dans Une Revue European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Année : 2020

Group-based educational interventions in adolescents and young adults with ASD without ID: a systematic review focusing on the transition to adulthood

Résumé

There is a growing number of young people, diagnosed with an autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), transitioning to adulthood. Among this number, individuals without an intellectual disability have significant adaptive deficits and need individualized care and support services to better target vocational, social, and educational prospects and outcomes. Group-based interventions, including patient education, social-skills training, and cognitive-behavioral therapy, are widely used in clinical settings to improve the daily life and prospects of ASD individuals facing the challenge of transitioning to adulthood. We performed a systematic review of studies concerning the efficiency of group-based educational interventions with a focus on the transition to adulthood for young, ASD individuals without intellectual disability (ID). As a result of this systematic search, 21 studies out of 163 were found to be eligible for inclusion. We observed considerable heterogeneity across the studies, in terms of effect sizes and intervention design, delivery, and the comparison of controls. Strong evidence was found in favor of social-skills training and cognitive-behavioral therapy interventions. Professionals should consider group-based psychoeducational intervention to be an appropriate and relevant service for young subjects with ASD without ID transitioning to adulthood. Further research is needed on larger samples using multicentric designs to validate efficacy before generalization.
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hal-03340879 , version 1 (10-09-2021)

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Raphaël Chancel, Stéphanie Miot, Florine Dellapiazza, Amaria Baghdadli. Group-based educational interventions in adolescents and young adults with ASD without ID: a systematic review focusing on the transition to adulthood. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s00787-020-01609-1⟩. ⟨hal-03340879⟩
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