First Identification of RNA-Binding Proteins That Regulate Alternative Exons in the Dystrophin Gene - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue International Journal of Molecular Sciences Année : 2020

First Identification of RNA-Binding Proteins That Regulate Alternative Exons in the Dystrophin Gene

Résumé

The Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene has a complex expression pattern regulated by multiple tissue-specific promoters and by alternative splicing (AS) of the resulting transcripts. Here, we used an RNAi-based approach coupled with DMD-targeted RNA-seq to identify RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that regulate splicing of its skeletal muscle isoform (Dp427m) in a human muscular cell line. A total of 16 RBPs comprising the major regulators of muscle-specific splicing events were tested. We show that distinct combinations of RBPs maintain the correct inclusion in the Dp427m of exons that undergo spatio-temporal AS in other dystrophin isoforms. In particular, our findings revealed the complex networks of RBPs contributing to the splicing of the two short DMD exons 71 and 78, the inclusion of exon 78 in the adult Dp427m isoform being crucial for muscle function. Among the RBPs tested, QKI and DDX5/DDX17 proteins are important determinants of DMD exon inclusion. This is the first large-scale study to determine which RBP proteins act on the physiological splicing of the DMD gene. Our data shed light on molecular mechanisms contributing to the expression of the different dystrophin isoforms, which could be influenced by a change in the function or expression level of the identified RBPs.
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hal-03234304 , version 1 (25-05-2021)

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Julie Miro, Anne-Laure Bougé, Eva Murauer, Emmanuelle Beyne, Dylan da Cunha, et al.. First Identification of RNA-Binding Proteins That Regulate Alternative Exons in the Dystrophin Gene. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, 21 (20), pp.7803. ⟨10.3390/ijms21207803⟩. ⟨hal-03234304⟩
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