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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Psychiatric Research Année : 2021

Euthanasia and assisted suicide in psychiatric patients: A systematic review of the literature

Résumé

The number of psychiatric patients requesting Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide (EAS) continues to increase. The aims of this systematic review were to: 1) describe the available data related to psychiatric patients having received or requesting EAS (pEAS) for each country in which is allowed; 2) and describe the ethically salient points that arise. PubMed, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases were searched to identify articles published up to September 2020. Among the retrieved publications, only studies on pEAS cases (pEAS-C), pEAS requests, or physician reports/attitude towards pEAS reporting some quantitative data on patients having received or requesting pEAS were retained. Among the 24 included studies, thirteen (54%) were about pEAS in the Netherlands, four (17%) in Belgium, and seven (29%) in Switzerland. Results were different across different countries. In the Netherlands, pEAS-C were mostly women (70-77%) and often had at least two psychiatric disorders (56-97%). Mood disorders were mainly represented (55-70%) together with personality disorders (52-54%). History of suicide attempts was present in 34-52%. Moreover, 37-62% of them had at least one comorbid medical condition. In Belgium pEAS-C were mostly women (75%), but the majority (71%) had a single diagnosis, mood disorder. In Switzerland available data were less detailed. As pEAS-C seem to be very similar to 'traditional suicides', pEAS procedures should be carefully revised to establish specific criteria of access and guidelines of evaluation of the request. A deeper focus on unbearable suffering, decision capacity and possibilities of improvements is warranted as well as the involvement of mental health professionals.
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Dates et versions

hal-03163755 , version 1 (13-02-2023)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale

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Raffaella Calati, Emilie Olié, Déborah Dassa, Carla Gramaglia, Sébastien Guillaume, et al.. Euthanasia and assisted suicide in psychiatric patients: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2021, 135, pp.153-173. ⟨10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.12.006⟩. ⟨hal-03163755⟩
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