Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel Used as Antiplatelet Medication for Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: A Meta-Analysis. - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue American Journal of Neuroradiology Année : 1970

Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel Used as Antiplatelet Medication for Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: A Meta-Analysis.

Résumé

Clopidogrel is routinely used to decrease ischemic complications during neurointerventional procedures. However, the efficacy may be limited by antiplatelet resistance. Purpose: Our aim was to analyze the efficacy of prasugrel compared with clopidogrel in the cerebrovascular field. Data sources: A systematic search of 2 large databases was performed for studies published from 2000 to 2018. Study selection: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we included studies reporting treatment-related outcomes of patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures under prasugrel, and studies comparing prasugrel and clopidogrel. Data analysis: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the overall rate of complications, ischemic and hemorrhagic events, and influence of the dose of prasugrel. Data synthesis: In the 7 included studies, 682 and 672 unruptured intracranial aneurysms were treated under prasugrel (cases) and clopidogrel (controls), respectively. Low-dose (20 mg/5 mg; loading and maintenance doses) prasugrel compared with the standard dose of clopidogrel (300 mg/75 mg) showed a significant reduction in the complication rate (OR = 0.36; 95% CI, 0.17-74, P = .006; I2 = 0%). Overall, the ischemic complication rate was significantly higher in the clopidogrel group (40/672 = 6%; 95% CI, 3%-13%; I2 = 83% versus 16/682 = 2%; 95% CI, 1%-5%; I2 = 73%; P = .03). Low and high loading doses of prasugrel were associated with 0.6% (5/535; 95% CI, 0.1%-1.6%; I2 = 0%) and 9.3% (13/147; 95% CI, 0.2%-18%; I2 = 60%) intraperiprocedural hemorrhages, respectively (P = .001), whereas low and high maintenance doses of prasugrel were associated with 0% (0/433) and 0.9% (2/249; 95% CI, 0.3%-2%; I2 = 0%) delayed hemorrhagic events, respectively (P = .001). Limitations: Retrospective series and heterogeneous endovascular treatments were limitations. Conclusions: In our study, low-dose prasugrel compared with clopidogrel premedication was associated with an effective reduction of the ischemic events with an acceptable rate of hemorrhagic complications.

Dates et versions

hal-02878501 , version 1 (23-06-2020)

Identifiants

Citer

F. Cagnazzo, P. Perrini, P-H Lefevre, G. Gascou, C. Dargazanli, et al.. Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel Used as Antiplatelet Medication for Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: A Meta-Analysis.. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 1970, 40 (4), pp.681-686. ⟨10.3174/ajnr.A6004⟩. ⟨hal-02878501⟩

Collections

UNIV-MONTPELLIER
12 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More