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Reference values for vastus lateralis fiber type proportion and fiber size

Abstract : TO THE EDITOR: In a previous issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology, Gosker and Schols (1) commented on the reference values for fiber CSA of the vastus lateralis of the quad-riceps in healthy subjects Ͼ40 years old. First, we are pleased to read that the fiber CSA values provided by our meta-analysis are significantly correlated with the Maastricht team's data from healthy subjects. This reinforces our findings, because data from a healthy population were not included in our systematic review. Moreover, the data on type I fiber proportions published by Gosker et al. agree with data obtained using a systematic approach (2). Altogether, the data provided by Gosker and Schols validate our publication. However, the authors contest the statement that the reference values for type I fiber proportion in our study are more valid than those published previously by their group (1). This statement in no way diminishes the merit of the paper from Gosker et al. because they systematically reviewed only studies of COPD patients and provided results similar to those found in our study. Yet the systematic review process was not performed in the same way for healthy subjects, as stated in their methods section: "For control values of quadriceps femoris fibre type proportions we used age-matched healthy control groups of the COPD related papers described above" (2). Therefore, nine studies matching the inclusion criteria for the systematic review in healthy subjects included in our meta-analysis were missed. Conversely, we do not contest the limited usefulness of our reference values for fiber CSA in the context of a drastic fiber type switch. In under 33% of type I fiber, the lower limits of the normal (LLNs) are 1,255 m 2 and 826 m 2 , respectively, in men and women, which is low. In our cohort of 39 COPD patients, we found that, using our published LLNs, 2/39 (5%) COPD patients had fiber atrophy. This is discrepant with the 20% recently reported (4) using a different methodology. However, given the variability inherent to sampling from a small group (n ϭ 30), the LLNs in this latter study should have been considered as random variables with their own mean and SD. Thus the real LLNs should have taken this variability into account and must, in fact, have been much lower. As explained in our discussion section, the low LLNs obtained in our meta-analysis are the consequence of the remaining variability of the fiber CSA. Yet, the fiber CSA coefficients of variation (CVs) are lower than the CVs in studies with small sample sizes (3, 4) and in agreement with the CV obtained in a study (5) with a similarly large sample (n ϭ 418). The variability of fiber CSA can be explained by several factors and may indicate its potential sensitivity to external factors, which is mandatory for a potential biomarker. Altogether, our conclusion that "ongoing work with inclusions of new studies of well-characterized populations of healthy subjects will further optimize these reference values by reducing the present variability in fiber CSA and proportions" is consistent with the limitation reported in the letter from Gosker and Schols. Therefore, we invite the Maastricht team to join us in the multicentric study that we are now designing to improve the accuracy of the current reference values in healthy subjects.
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Soumis le : mercredi 6 mai 2020 - 15:11:54
Dernière modification le : dimanche 7 juin 2020 - 12:59:49

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Fares Gouzi, Jonathan Maury, Nicolas Molinari, Pascal Pomiès, Jacques Mercier, et al.. Reference values for vastus lateralis fiber type proportion and fiber size. Journal of Applied Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2014, ⟨10.1152/japplphysiol.01332.2013⟩. ⟨hal-02565532⟩

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