Pregnancies during and after trastuzumab and/or lapatinib in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer: Analysis from the NeoALTTO (BIG 1-06) and ALTTO (BIG 2-06) trials - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cancer Année : 2019

Pregnancies during and after trastuzumab and/or lapatinib in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer: Analysis from the NeoALTTO (BIG 1-06) and ALTTO (BIG 2-06) trials

Christine Campbell
  • Fonction : Auteur
Florentine Hilbers
  • Fonction : Auteur
Uwe Schuehly
  • Fonction : Auteur
Richard Tenglin
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the safety of using anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) targeted agents during pregnancy. To date, only retrospective studies have assessed the prognosis of patients with a pregnancy after prior early breast cancer, with no data in HER2-positive patients. METHODS: The Neoadjuvant Lapatinib and/or Trastuzumab Treatment Optimization (NeoALTTO) trial and the Adjuvant Lapatinib and/or Trastuzumab Treatment Optimization (ALTTO) trial were randomized phase 3 trials for patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. In both trials, pregnancy information was prospectively collected. Pregnancy outcomes were compared between patients unintentionally exposed to trastuzumab and/or lapatinib during gestation (the exposed group) and those who became pregnant after trastuzumab and/or lapatinib completion (the unexposed group). In the ALTTO trial, disease-free survival (DFS) was compared between pregnant patients and those aged 40 years or younger without a subsequent pregnancy via an extended Cox model with time-varying covariates to account for a guarantee-time bias. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients (12 in the exposed group and 80 in the unexposed group) had a pregnancy: 7 in the NeoALTTO trial and 85 in the ALTTO trial. Seven patients (58.3%) in the exposed group and 10 patients (12.5%) in the unexposed group opted for an induced abortion; in the unexposed group, 10 patients (12.5%) had a spontaneous abortion. No pregnancy/delivery complications were reported for the remaining cases, who successfully completed their pregnancy, with the exception of 1 fetus with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). No significant difference in DFS (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-2.42) was observed between young patients with a pregnancy (n = 85) and young patients without a pregnancy (n = 1307). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer, having a pregnancy after treatment completion appears to be safe without compromising fetal outcome or maternal prognosis.

Dates et versions

hal-02559910 , version 1 (30-04-2020)

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Matteo Lambertini, Samuel Martel, Christine Campbell, Sébastien Guillaume, Florentine Hilbers, et al.. Pregnancies during and after trastuzumab and/or lapatinib in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer: Analysis from the NeoALTTO (BIG 1-06) and ALTTO (BIG 2-06) trials. Cancer, 2019, 125 (2), pp.307-316. ⟨10.1002/cncr.31784⟩. ⟨hal-02559910⟩
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