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Prevalence of self-reported drug hypersensitivity reactions among Lithuanian children and adults

Abstract : INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) are the adverse effects of drugs that, when taken at doses generally tolerated by normal subjects, clinically resemble allergy. We aimed to assess the prevalence of self-reported DHRs among Lithuanian children and adults and to identify possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a population visiting their general practitioners in Vilnius and Kaunas regions of Lithuania was performed. Thirty-five questions on drug allergy symptoms, in addition, food, pollen allergy and family history were included. RESULTS: 3222 (60.0%) children and 2148 (40.0%) adults were included in the study. 7.9% of children and 13.8% of adults reported a DHR for at least one drug (p<0.001). 69.8% of children and 47.3% of adults, who indicated DHRs, had skin symptoms. Rate of anaphylaxis was similar in both groups (about 10%). 4.5% of children and 7.3% of adults had DHRs induced by antibiotics and this was the most implicated group of drugs. Significant self-reported risk factors for DHRs were family history of DHRs (OR=6.007, 95%CI 4.756-7.587), pollen allergy (OR=2.0, 95%CI 1.573-2.544), food allergy (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.505-2.448), female gender (OR=1.439, 95%CI 1.187-1.744) and age (OR=1.017 in favour of adults, 95%CI 1.013-1.021). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of self-reported DHRs in Lithuania is higher among adults than children. Drug-induced skin reactions were the predominant symptom in both groups. Besides female gender and age, a positive family history of DHR and presence of pollen or food allergy may be associated with DHR.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02556530
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Soumis le : mardi 28 avril 2020 - 10:30:12
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09

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V. Kvedariene, B. Sitkauskiene, L. Tamasauskiene, O. Rudzeviciene, V. Kasiulevicius, et al.. Prevalence of self-reported drug hypersensitivity reactions among Lithuanian children and adults. Allergologia et Immunopathologia, Elsevier España, 2019, 47 (1), pp.32-37. ⟨10.1016/j.aller.2018.05.006⟩. ⟨hal-02556530⟩

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