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The effect of rate of injection on injection pressure profiles measured using in-line and needle-tip sensors: an in-vitro study

Abstract : Alongside ultrasonic visualisation, measurement of injection pressure is an effective tool for reducing the risk of intraneural injection during peripheral nerve block. The aim of this study was to compare injection pressure profiles when measured along the injection line with the pressure measured directly at the needle tip using different rates of injection. A syringe pump delivered a 5-ml injection of saline into silicone gel at three different speeds (5 ml.min-1 , 10 ml.min-1 and 15 ml.min-1 ). Fibreoptic pressure sensors recorded real-time pressure profiles of the injection pressure directly at the needle tip and along the injection line. A total of 15 injections were successfully performed, five for each injection rate, totalling 30 recorded pressure profiles. More rapid rates of injection caused peak pressure measured in-line to increase, whereas pressure measured at the needle tip remained constant (mean (SD) pressure in-line 30.76 (3.45) kPa vs. 72.25 (1.55) kPa and mean (SD) pressure at needle tip 19.92 (1.22) kPa vs. 20.93 (2.66) kPa at 5 ml.min-1 and 15 ml.min-1 , respectively). Injection pressure profiles showed that in-line pressure measurement failed to record precise real-time pressure changes occurring at the needle tip (mean (95%CI) pressure difference 10.8 (6.98-14.70) kPa vs. 51.2 (47.52-54.89) kPa for in-line and needle-tip measures, respectively). We conclude that, in order to accurately monitor the true injection pressure generated, independent from operator and injection parameters, measurement at the needle tip is necessary, as injection pressure measured along the injection line is an unreliable surrogate.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02555351
Contributeur : Amandine Michel-Avella <>
Soumis le : lundi 27 avril 2020 - 11:35:22
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09

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A. Saporito, C. Quadri, N. Kloth, X. Capdevila. The effect of rate of injection on injection pressure profiles measured using in-line and needle-tip sensors: an in-vitro study. Anaesthesia, Wiley, 2019, 74 (1), pp.64-68. ⟨10.1111/anae.14415⟩. ⟨hal-02555351⟩

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