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NF-E2-related factor 2, a key inducer of antioxidant defenses, negatively regulates the CFTR transcription

Abstract : A few studies have clearly indicated that oxidative stress suppresses the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance receptor (CFTR) function and expression. However, the mechanisms by which this occurs are still poorly understood. To clarify this effect, we investigated the role of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor, a key cellular sensor of oxidative stress. A conserved antioxidant response element (ARE) in the CFTR minimal promoter, which binds Nrf2, has been identified. Surprisingly, Nrf2 exerts an unexpected repressive role on the CFTR gene promoter activity. To decipher the molecular mechanisms involved, we evaluated the role of YY1 in the Nrf2-mediated transcriptional activity and showed cooperation between these two factors. We demonstrated that Nrf2 promotes YY1 nuclear localization and increases its binding to the CFTR promoter. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report a repressor role of Nrf2 through the cooperation with YY1 and contributes to clarify the cascade events leading to the oxidative stress-suppressed CFTR expression.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02444161
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Soumis le : vendredi 17 janvier 2020 - 16:16:31
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:08

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Céline René, Estelle Lopez, Mireille Claustres, Magali Taulan, Marie-Catherine Romey-Chatelain. NF-E2-related factor 2, a key inducer of antioxidant defenses, negatively regulates the CFTR transcription. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Springer Verlag, 2010, 67 (13), pp.2297-2309. ⟨10.1007/s00018-010-0336-4⟩. ⟨hal-02444161⟩

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