Isolated ipsilateral local recurrence of breast cancer: predictive factors and prognostic impact

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Tumour features associated with isolated invasive breast cancer (BC) ipsilateral local recurrence (ILR) after breast conservative treatment (BCT) and consequences on overall survival (OS) are still debated. Our objective was to investigate these points. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified from a cohort of patients who underwent BCT for invasive BC in 16 cancer centres. End-points were ILR rate and OS. The impact of ILR on OS was assessed by multivariate analysis (MVA) for all patients and according to endocrine receptors (ERs) and grade or tumour subtypes. RESULTS: Of 15,570 patients, ILR rate was 3.1%. Cumulative ILR rates differed according to ERs/grade (ERs+/Grade2: HR 1.42, p = 0.010; ERs+/Grade3: HR 1.41, p = 0.067; ERs-: HR 2.14, p < 0.0001), endocrine therapy (HR 2.05, p < 0.0001) and age < 40-years old (HR 2.28, p = 0.005) in MVA. When MVA was adjusted on tumour subtype, the latter was the only independent factor. OS-after-ILR was significantly different according to ILR-free intervals (HR 4.96 for ILR-free interval between 2 and 5-years and HR 9.00 when < 2-years, in comparison with ≥ 5-years). CONCLUSION: ERs/Grade status, lack of endocrine therapy and tumour subtypes predict isolated ILR risk in patients treated with BCT. Short ILR-free-intervals represent a strong pejorative factor for OS. These results may help selecting initial treatment as well as tailoring ILR systemic chemotherapy.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02421376
Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : vendredi 20 décembre 2019 - 14:14:21
Dernière modification le : mercredi 8 janvier 2020 - 01:36:31

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Gilles Houvenaeghel, Alexandre de Nonneville, Monique Cohen, Jean-Marc Classe, Fabien Reyal, et al.. Isolated ipsilateral local recurrence of breast cancer: predictive factors and prognostic impact. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, Springer Verlag, 2019, 173 (1), pp.111-122. ⟨10.1007/s10549-018-4944-2⟩. ⟨hal-02421376⟩

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