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Biases in the Simulation and Analysis of Fractal Processes

Abstract : Fractal processes have recently received a growing interest, especially in the domain of rehabilitation. More precisely, the evolution of fractality with aging and disease, suggesting a loss of complexity, has inspired a number of studies that tried, for example, to entrain patients with fractal rhythms. is kind of study requires relevant methods for generating fractal signals and for assessing the fractality of the series produced by participants. In the present work, we engaged a cross validation of three methods of generation and three methods of analysis. We generated exact fractal series with the Davies-Harte (DH) algorithm, the spectral synthesis method (SSM), and the ARFIMA simulation method. e series were analyzed by detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), power spectral density (PSD) method, and ARFIMA modeling. Results show that some methods of generation present systematic biases: DH presented a strong bias toward white noise in fBm series close to the 1/f boundary and SSM produced series with a larger variability around the expected exponent, as compared with other methods. In contrast, ARFIMA simulations provided quite accurate series, without major bias. Concerning the methods of analysis, DFA tended to systematically underestimate fBm series. In contrast, PSD yielded overestimates for fBm series. With DFA, the variability of estimates tended to increase for fGn series as they approached the 1/f boundary and reached unacceptable levels for fBm series. The highest levels of variability were produced by PSD. Finally, ARFIMA methods generated the best series and provided the most accurate and less variable estimates.
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Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:08
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Clément Roume, Samar Ezzina, Hubert Blain, Didier Delignieres. Biases in the Simulation and Analysis of Fractal Processes. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2019, 2019, pp.4025305. ⟨10.1155/2019/4025305⟩. ⟨hal-02417699⟩

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