Larval predation in malaria vectors and its potential implication in malaria transmission: an overlooked ecosystem service?

Abstract : The role of aquatic predators in controlling the anopheline aquatic stage has been known for decades. Recently, studies have highlighted that exposition to predation stress during aquatic development can have a profound impact on life-history traits (e.g. growth rate, fecundity and longevity) and consequently on the ability of adults to transmit human malaria parasites. In this study, we present a review aiming to contextualize the role of Anopheles larvae predators as an ecosystem factor interacting with the malaria pathogen through its vector, i.e. the female adult Anopheles. We first envisage the predator diversity that anopheline vectors are susceptible to encounter in their aquatic habitats. We then focus on mosquito-predator interactions with a special mention to anti-predator behaviors and prey adaptations developed to deal with the predation threat. Next, we address the direct and indirect effects of larval predation stress on mosquito populations and on individual life-history traits, which strongly suggest some carry-over effect of the impact of larval predation on vectorial capacity. The last part addresses the impact of human activities on larval predation. Concluding remarks highlight gaps in the knowledge of anopheline bio-ecology which may constitute avenues for researchers in the future.
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Soumis le : vendredi 8 novembre 2019 - 15:19:07
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Olivier Roux, Vincent Robert. Larval predation in malaria vectors and its potential implication in malaria transmission: an overlooked ecosystem service?. Parasites and Vectors, BioMed Central, 2019, 12, pp.217. ⟨10.1186/s13071-019-3479-7⟩. ⟨hal-02356056⟩

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