Management of renal transplant urolithiasis: a multicentre study by the French Urology Association Transplantation Committee

Abstract : PURPOSE: Urolithiasis is rare among renal transplant recipients and its management has not been clearly defined. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective study was organised by the Comité de Transplantation de l'Association Française d'Urologie (French Urology Association transplantation committee). Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 19 software. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were included in this study. Renal transplant urolithiasis was an incidental finding in 55% of cases, mostly on a routine follow-up ultrasound examination. One half of symptomatic stones were due to urinary tract infection and the other half were due to an episode of acute renal failure. The initial management following diagnosis of urolithiasis was double J stenting (27%), nephrostomy tube placement (21%), or watchful waiting (52%). Definitive management consisted of: watchful waiting (48%), extracorporeal lithotripsy (13%), rigid or flexible ureteroscopy (26%), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (11%) and surgical pyelotomy (2%). All transplants remained functional following treatment of the stone. The main limitation is the retrospective design. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of lithiasis could be higher in kidney transplanted patients due to a possible anatomical or metabolical abnormalities. The therapeutic management of renal transplant urolithiasis appears to be comparable to that of native kidney urolithiasis.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02352161
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Soumis le : mercredi 6 novembre 2019 - 17:01:04
Dernière modification le : mercredi 6 novembre 2019 - 17:01:06

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J. Branchereau, M.O. Timsit, Y. Neuzillet, T. Bessède, R. Thuret, et al.. Management of renal transplant urolithiasis: a multicentre study by the French Urology Association Transplantation Committee. World Journal of Urology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 36 (1), pp.105-109. ⟨10.1007/s00345-017-2103-8⟩. ⟨hal-02352161⟩

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