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Article Dans Une Revue European Radiology Année : 2018

European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) Guidelines: MR Imaging of Leiomyomas

Rahel Kubik-Huch
  • Fonction : Auteur
Michael Weston
  • Fonction : Auteur
Henrik Leonhardt
  • Fonction : Auteur
Mariana Horta
  • Fonction : Auteur
Teresa Margarida Cunha
  • Fonction : Auteur
Cristina Maciel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Andrea Rockall
  • Fonction : Auteur
Rosemarie Forstner
  • Fonction : Auteur


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Female Pelvic Imaging Working Group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) was to develop imaging guidelines for MR work-up in patients with known or suspected uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Guidelines for imaging uterine leiomyomas were defined based on a survey distributed to all members of the working group, an expert consensus meeting at European Congress of Radiology (ECR) 2017 and a critical review of the literature. RESULTS: The 25 returned questionnaires as well as the expert consensus meeting have shown reasonable homogeneity of practice among institutions. Expert consensus and literature review lead to an optimized MRI protocol to image uterine leiomyomas. Recommendations include indications for imaging, patient preparation, MR protocols and reporting criteria. The incremental value of functional imaging (DWI, DCE) is highlighted and the role of MR angiography discussed. CONCLUSIONS: MRI offers an outstanding and reproducible map of the size, site and distribution of leiomyomas. A standardised imaging protocol and method of reporting ensures that the salient features are recognised. These imaging guidelines are based on the current practice among expert radiologists in the field of female pelvic imaging and also incorporate essentials of the current published MR literature of uterine leiomyomas. KEY POINTS: • MRI allows comprehensive mapping of size and distribution of leiomyomas. • Basic MRI comprise T2W and T1W sequences centered to the uterus. • Standardized reporting ensures pivotal information on leiomyomas, the uterus and differential diagnosis. • MRI aids in differentiation of leiomyomas from other benign and malignant entities, including leiomyosarcoma.

Dates et versions

hal-02289824 , version 1 (17-09-2019)



Rahel Kubik-Huch, Michael Weston, Stéphanie Nougaret, Henrik Leonhardt, Isabelle Thomassin-Naggara, et al.. European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) Guidelines: MR Imaging of Leiomyomas. European Radiology, 2018, 28 (8), pp.3125-3137. ⟨10.1007/s00330-017-5157-5⟩. ⟨hal-02289824⟩
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