A simple assessment of haemothoraces thickness predicts abundant transfusion: A series of 525 blunt trauma patients

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of haemothorax quantification to predict an abundant transfusion in blunt thoracic trauma patients. METHODS: This study included all severe trauma patients admitted into our trauma centre from January 2005 to January 2010, who presented a blunt thoracic trauma (thoracic AIS ≥1) and had a CT scan within the first hour following admission. For each haemothorax, thickness of dominant side and the cumulated thicknesses of both sides (Dominant-t, Cumulated-t), as well as lengths (Dominant-l, Cumulated-l) and the calculated volumes (Dominant-v, Cumulated-v provided by a previously validated formula) were retrospectively measured by CT scan. A multiple logistic regression was performed to define the independent risk factors for an abundant transfusion (≥5 packed red blood cells in the first 24h). Finally, ROC curves have been drawn on an isolated thoracic trauma subgroup to predict abundant transfusion. The more specific cut-offs were extracted from this analysis. RESULTS: From the 525 blunt thoracic trauma patients (75% males, mean age 38.2 (SD18.7) years, mean ISS 22.5 (SD16.4)), 31% received an abundant transfusion. In multivariable analysis, Cumulated-t was significantly associated with an abundant transfusion (OR 1.3 [95% CI 1.1-1.4], P=0.002). In isolated thoracic trauma subgroup (n=251), the global abilities of different CT measurements to predict abundant transfusion were significantly comparable (AUCs 0.69-0.70). The more specific cut-offs were established at 28mm for Cumulated-t (specificity 92%, positive predictive value 47%) and at 24mm for Dominant-t (specificity 92%; positive predictive value 43%). CONCLUSION: The haemothorax quantification upon admission may help to predict transfusion needs. Cumulated-t was found independent risk factor for abundant transfusion in a large population of severe trauma patients. Beyond a Cumulated-t of 28mm or a Dominant-t of 24mm, abundant transfusion will be very frequently necessary. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Retrospective review, level III.
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Soumis le : jeudi 29 août 2019 - 11:12:15
Dernière modification le : vendredi 30 août 2019 - 01:15:23

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Lucile Gignon, Jonathan Charbit, Camille Maury, Pascal Latry, Patrice Taourel, et al.. A simple assessment of haemothoraces thickness predicts abundant transfusion: A series of 525 blunt trauma patients. Injury, Elsevier, 2015, 46 (1), pp.54-60. ⟨10.1016/j.injury.2014.08.040⟩. ⟨hal-02273743⟩

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