The course and the anatomo-functional relationships of the optic radiation: a combined study with ‘post mortem’ dissections and ‘ in vivo ’ direct electrical mapping

Abstract : Even if different dissection, tractographic and connectivity studies provided pure anatomical evidences about the optic radiations (ORs), descriptions of both the anatomical structure and the anatomo-functional relationships of the ORs with the adjacent bundles were not reported. We propose a detailed anatomical and functional study with 'post mortem' dissections and 'in vivo' direct electrical stimulation (DES) of the OR, demonstrating also the relationships with the adjacent eloquent bundles in a neurosurgical 'connectomic' perspective. Six human hemispheres (three left, three right) were dissected after a modified Klingler's preparation. The anatomy of the white matter was analysed according to systematic and topographical surgical perspectives. The anatomical results were correlated to the functional responses collected during three resections of tumours guided by cortico-subcortical DES during awake procedures. We identified two groups of fibres forming the OR. The superior component runs along the lateral wall of the occipital horn, the trigone and the supero-medial wall of the temporal horn. The inferior component covers inferiorly the occipital horn and the trigone, the lateral wall of the temporal horn and arches antero-medially to form the Meyer's Loop. The inferior fronto-occipital fascicle (IFOF) covers completely the superior OR along its entire course, as confirmed by the subcortical DES. The inferior longitudinal fascicle runs in a postero-anterior and inferior direction, covering the superior OR posteriorly and the inferior OR anteriorly. The IFOF identification allows the preservation of the superior OR in the anterior temporal resection, avoiding post-operative complete hemianopia. The identification of the superior OR during the posterior temporal, inferior parietal and occipital resections leads to the preservation of the IFOF and of the eloquent functions it subserves. The accurate knowledge of the OR course and the relationships with the adjacent bundles is crucial to optimize quality of resection and functional outcome.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02189119
Contributeur : Cécile Nowak <>
Soumis le : vendredi 19 juillet 2019 - 09:55:09
Dernière modification le : samedi 20 juillet 2019 - 01:18:15

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Silvio Sarubbo, Alessandro de Benedictis, Paola Milani, Beatrice Paradiso, Mattia Barbareschi, et al.. The course and the anatomo-functional relationships of the optic radiation: a combined study with ‘post mortem’ dissections and ‘ in vivo ’ direct electrical mapping. Journal of Anatomy, Wiley, 2015, 226 (1), pp.47-59. ⟨10.1111/joa.12254⟩. ⟨hal-02189119⟩

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