Empowering conventional Rock-Eval pyrolysis for organic matter characterization of the siderite-rich sediments of Lake Towuti (Indonesia) using End-Member Analysis

Abstract : Qualitative and quantitative changes of organic and carbonate carbon in sedimentary records are frequently used to reconstruct past environments, paleoproductivity and sediment provenance. Amongst the most commonly used proxies are Total organic carbon (TOC), Mineral carbon (MinC), as well as Hydrogen (HI) and Oxygen Indices (OI) of organic matter (OM). Rock Eval pyrolysis enables the assessment of these quantitative and qualitative parameters with a single analysis. This is achieved through transient pyrolysis of the samples up to 650°C followed by combustion up to 850°C, with hydrocarbons, CO and CO2 measured during the thermal decomposition of both OM and carbonate minerals. Carbonate minerals with low thermal cracking temperatures such as siderite (<400°C) can induce significant matrix effects, which bias the TOC, MinC and OI Rock-Eval parameters. Here we assess the applicability of End-Member Analysis (EMA) as a means to correct Rock-Eval thermograms for siderite matrix effects. For this, we performed Rock-Eval pyrolysis on sideritic sediments of Lake Towuti (Indonesia). New thermal boundaries were constrained in Rock-Eval thermograms using EMA to limit siderite matrix effects and improve TOC, MinC, and OI calculations. Our approach allowed us to: 1) evaluate the influence of siderite matrix effects on Rock-Eval thermograms; 2) properly exploit a Rock-Eval dataset to characterize the type and sources of OM in siderite-rich sediments; and 3) identify the OM behind degradation and mineralization processes. The Rock-Eval dataset revealed sediments with a substantial amount of refractory OM, especially in those where TOC is high and HI characteristic of autochthonous biomass. These results, associated to alternative indices used to assess OM preservation, suggest that refractory OM is residually enriched following strong degradation of labile compounds. Finally, relatively labile and refractory organic fractions may be consumed in the formation of siderite during this sequential process of OM mineralization.
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Soumis le : mercredi 16 octobre 2019 - 13:42:57
Dernière modification le : jeudi 17 octobre 2019 - 01:16:22

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Luis Ordoñez, Hendrik Vogel, David Sebag, Daniel Ariztegui, Thierry Adatte, et al.. Empowering conventional Rock-Eval pyrolysis for organic matter characterization of the siderite-rich sediments of Lake Towuti (Indonesia) using End-Member Analysis. Organic Geochemistry, Elsevier, 2019, 134, pp.32-44. ⟨10.1016/j.orggeochem.2019.05.002⟩. ⟨hal-02134174⟩

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