Echo-less Photoconductive Switches for High-Resolution Terahertz Time-domain Spectroscopy

Abstract : Interdigitated photoconductive (iPC) switches are powerful and convenient devices for time-resolved spectroscopy, with the ability to operate both as sources and detectors of terahertz (THz) frequency pulses. However, reflection of the emitted or detected radiation within the device substrate itself can lead to echoes that inherently limits the spectroscopic resolution achievable from their use in time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) systems. We demonstrate a design of iPC switches for THz pulse emission and detection that suppresses such unwanted echoes and provides high-resolution in frequency. As a proof-of-principle, the 2 12-2 21 and the 1 01-2 12 rotational lines of water vapor have been spectrally resolved, demonstrating a spectral resolution below 10 GHz. Overview Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain Électronique et photonique quantiques Echo-less Photoconductive Switches for High-Resolution Terahertz Time-domain Spectroscopy 3. LT-GaAs layer for switches as detectors Conclusions:-THz pulse generation and detection with echo suppression.-High-resolution in the spectral window 500 GHz-3.5 THz experimentally demonstrated.-Demonstration of 9 GHz spectral resolution from 2 12-2 21 and 1 01-2 12 water vapour rotational lines measurement.-Perspectives : better understanding of spectral properties, including influence of the distance between electrodes and the buried metal plane. www.ultraqcl.eu kenneth.maussang@umontpellier.fr / sukhdeep.dhillon@lpa.ens.fr 2. Experimental characterization as emitter a) Schematic of a standard photoconductive switch. b) Schematic of a buried metal photoconductive switch. c) Cut view of a buried metal interdigitated photoconductive switch. A gold plan is inserted below a 10 µm thick layer of undoped GaAs. d) Calculated electrical potential U for an applied voltage of 4V. c) d) 1. A buried metal interdigitated photoconductive switch a) b) Numerical simulations of the relative frequency response of a buried metal switch compared to standard switch. Experimental setup for emitters' characterization. Based on a THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy setup. 2 THz No effect of buried metal on radiation diagram (numerical calculation). LT-GaAs MBE growth on a SI GaAs substrate. Pre-photolithography sample. The MBE grown sample is wafer bonded to a gold-coated host SI GaAs substrate. The substrate and the AlGaAs (50%) layer of the MBE grown wafer are removed, exposing the LT-GaAs active region with the echo-blocking metal plane 6 µm below the surface. Measurement of carrier lifetime in the LT-GaAs active layer (optical pump-THz probe technique). 1) Detection with ZnTe EOD crystal (200µm thick) Resolution limited only by echo in detection crystal (42 ps time window). THz power concentrated in a single pulse : higher peak amplitude for a given polarisation bias electrical field. E bias =10 kV/cm 2) Detection with a buried metal plane LT-GaAs photoconductive switch Resolution limited only by delay line length and probe beam alignement stability during scan. With standard delay lines, few ns time windows might be achieved, resulting in sub-GHz resolution.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02127994
Contributeur : Kenneth Maussang <>
Soumis le : lundi 13 mai 2019 - 21:39:02
Dernière modification le : mercredi 6 novembre 2019 - 09:40:11
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CNano_KM2017_v2.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-02127994, version 1

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Kenneth Maussang, José Palomo, Jean-Michel Manceau, Raffaele Colombelli, Isabelle Sagnes, et al.. Echo-less Photoconductive Switches for High-Resolution Terahertz Time-domain Spectroscopy. Conférence CNano 2017, Dec 2017, Lyon, France. 110, pp.20 - 25, 2017. ⟨hal-02127994⟩

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