Subarachnoid extension of lobar hemorrhage on acute/subacute MRI is associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy criteria

Abstract : Subarachnoid hemorrhage extension (SAHE) in the acute phase of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-related lobar hemorrhage (LH) assessed by CT is very frequent. Recently, SAHE, together with finger-like projections on CT and ApoE4, has been used in a prediction model for histopathologically proven CAA showing excellent discrimination. Our aim was to analyze SAHE on MRI in the acute and subacute phase of LH in patients with and without associated hemorrhagic features supportive of CAA (i.e. chronic LH, cortical superficial siderosis [CSS], and strictly lobar cerebral microbleeds [CMB]). We retrospectively studied SAHE on MRI performed in the acute and subacute phase (within 21 days) in a cohort of consecutive patients with acute LH recruited between January 2012 and April 2018. Sixty-eight acute LH patients (35 men and 33 women, mean age 74 [range 50-89]) were analyzed. Mean delay between symptom onset and MRI was 3.8 days, and 32 patients underwent MRI within 24 h. Based on MRI, 51 patients were classified as probable CAA and 17 patients without probable CAA. Both groups were comparable regarding age, sex, time of MRI performance, MRI field strength, and acute LH volume. Overall, SAHE was observed in 46 (68%) patients, including 39 (76%) patients with probable CAA and 7 (41%) patients without probable CAA (p = 0.015). SAHE presence was also associated with larger LH volumes. During the work-up in the acute/subacute phase of patients with acute LH, in addition to T2*-weighted imaging in search for other hemorrhagic features (chronic LH, CSS, or lobar CMB) evoking probable underlying CAA etiology, search for SAHE on adapted MRI sequences (FLAIR and T2*-weighted imaging) seems to be interesting because of the association with the presence of probable CAA criteria.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02073204
Contributeur : Cécile Nowak <>
Soumis le : mardi 19 mars 2019 - 16:32:18
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 14:12:02

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Dimitri Renard, Teodora Parvu, Lavinia Tatu, Eric Thouvenot. Subarachnoid extension of lobar hemorrhage on acute/subacute MRI is associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy criteria. Acta Neurol Belg, 2018, ⟨10.1007/s13760-018-01060-9⟩. ⟨hal-02073204⟩

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