Vibrational spectroscopy of synthetic analogues of ankoleite, chernikovite and intermediate solid solution

Abstract : Ankoleite (K(UO 2)PO 4 ·nH 2 O), chernikovite (H 3 O(UO 2)PO 4 ·nH 2 O) and intermediate solid solutions are frequently encountered in the uranium ores that result from the alteration of uranium primary minerals. This paper reports a thorough FTIR and Raman study related to synthetic analogues for these minerals. First, the vibration bands associated to the UO 2 2+ uranyl ion were used to calculate the U=O bond length which appeared in good agreement with the data coming from PXRD. Then, the examination of the phosphate vibration modes in both sets of spectra confirmed the general formulation of the samples and ruled out the presence of hydrogenphosphate groups. Finally, the presence of H 2 O as well as protonated H 3 O + and/or H 5 O 2 + species was also pointed out, and could be used to clearly differentiate the various phases prepared. Vibrational spectroscopy then appeared as an efficient method for the investigation of such analogues of natural samples. It should be particularly relevant when identifying these phases in mineral ores or assemblies.
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Soumis le : vendredi 22 février 2019 - 10:38:42
Dernière modification le : lundi 6 mai 2019 - 14:22:02

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Nicolas Clavier, F. Crétaz, S. Szenknect, Adel Mesbah, C. Poinssot, et al.. Vibrational spectroscopy of synthetic analogues of ankoleite, chernikovite and intermediate solid solution. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Elsevier, 2016, 156, pp.143-150. ⟨10.1016/j.saa.2015.11.035⟩. ⟨hal-02010054⟩

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