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Article Dans Une Revue Modern Pathology Année : 2018

Double-hit or dual expression of MYC and BCL2 in primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas

Stéphane Dalle
Sophie Dalac
Laurent Machet

Résumé

In nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the search for double-hit with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements or for dual expression of BCL2 and MYC defines subgroups of patients with altered prognosis that has not been evaluated in primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma. Our objectives were to assess the double-hit and dual expressor status in a cohort of 44 patients with primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma according to the histological subtype and to evaluate their prognosis relevance. The 44 cases defined by the presence of more than 80% of large B-cells in the dermis corresponded to 21 primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma with large cell morphology and 23 primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. Thirty-one cases (70%) expressed BCL2 and 29 (66%) expressed MYC. Dual expressor profile was observed in 25 cases (57%) of either subtypes (n = 6 or n = 19, respectively). Only one primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma, large-cell case had a double-hit status (2%). Specific survival was significantly worse in primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type than in primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma, large cell (p = 0.021) and for the dual expressor primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma group (p = 0.030). Both overall survival and specific survival were worse for patients belonging to the dual expressor primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type subgroup (p = 0.001 and p = 0.046, respectively). Expression of either MYC and/or BCL2 negatively impacted overall survival (p = 0.017 and p = 0.018 respectively). As the differential diagnosis between primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma, large cell and primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type has a major impact on prognosis, dual-expression of BCL2 and MYC may represent a new diagnostic criterion for primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type subtype and further identifies patients with impaired survival. Finally, the double-hit assessment does not appear clinically relevant in primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma.

Dates et versions

hal-01976919 , version 1 (10-01-2019)

Identifiants

Citer

Sarah Menguy, Éric Frison, Martina Prochazkova-Carlotti, Stéphane Dalle, Olivier Dereure, et al.. Double-hit or dual expression of MYC and BCL2 in primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas. Modern Pathology, 2018, 31 (8), pp.1332-1342. ⟨10.1038/s41379-018-0041-7⟩. ⟨hal-01976919⟩
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