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Preoperative fasting does not affect haemodynamic status: a prospective, non-inferiority, echocardiography study

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The link between preoperative fasting and hypovolaemia remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that preoperative fasting does not significantly increase the proportion of patients with hypovolaemia according to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) criteria. METHODS: Patients of ASA status I-III and without bowel preparation were included in a non-inferiority, prospective, single-centre trial. Patients underwent passive leg raising (PLR) test and TTE at admission (Day 0) and after 8 h fasting (Day 1). The primary hypothesis was that an 8 h preoperative fasting does not increase the proportion (margin=5%) of patients with a positive PLR test ('functional approach'). The secondary hypothesis was that echocardiographic filling pressures or stroke volume (margin 10%) are not affected by preoperative fasting ('static approach'). RESULTS: One hundred patients were included and 98 analysed. After an 8 h fasting, the change in the proportion of responders to PLR was -6.1% [95% confidence interval (CI)=-16.0 to 3.8] of responders to PLR test on Day 0 when compared with Day 1. Because 95% CI was strictly inferior to 5%, there was no significant increase in the proportion of PLR responders on Day 1 when compared with Day 0. The 95% CI changes of static variables were always fewer than 10%, meaning that preoperative fasting induced significantly no relevant changes in static variables. CONCLUSION: Preoperative fasting did not alter TTE dynamic and static preload indices in ASA I-III adult patients. These results suggest that preoperative fasting does not induce significant hypovolaemia. Clinical trial registration NCT 01258361.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01952886
Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : mercredi 12 décembre 2018 - 14:34:55
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 16:58:21

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L. Muller, M. Brière, S. Bastide, Claire Penetrat-Roger, L. Zoric, et al.. Preoperative fasting does not affect haemodynamic status: a prospective, non-inferiority, echocardiography study. British Journal of Anaesthesia, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2014, 112 (5), pp.835-841. ⟨10.1093/bja/aet478⟩. ⟨hal-01952886⟩

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