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Indications thérapeutiques du laser percutané dans les malformations vasculaires et les tumeurs vasculaires

Abstract : Lasers are increasingly used to treat vascular abnormalities. Indeed, this technique is non-invasive and allows a specific treatment. The aim of this review is to present some biophysical principles of the lasers, to describe the different sorts of lasers available for treatment in vascular medicine indications. Three principal lasers exist in vascular medicine: the pulsed-dye laser, for the treatment of superficial pink lesions, the NdYAG-KTP laser for purple and bigger lesions, and the NdYAG long pulse laser for even deeper and bigger vascular lesions. In vascular malformations, port wine stains can also be treated by pulsed-dye laser, KTP or NdYAG when they are old and thick. Telangiectasias are good indications for the three sorts of lasers, depending on their depth, color and size. Microcystic lymphatic malformations can be improved by laser treatment. Arterio-venous malformations constitute a contraindication of laser treatment. In vascular tumors, involuted infantile hemangiomas constitute an excellent indication of pulsed-dye laser treatment. Controlled studies are necessary to evaluate and to compare the efficacy of each laser, in order to determine their optimal indications and optimal parameters for each machine.
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Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : mercredi 5 décembre 2018 - 14:34:39
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09




D. Labau, P. Cadic, G. Ouroussoff, C. Ligeron, J-P Laroche, et al.. Indications thérapeutiques du laser percutané dans les malformations vasculaires et les tumeurs vasculaires. Journal des Maladies Vasculaires, Elsevier Masson, 2014, 39 (6), pp.363-372. ⟨10.1016/j.jmv.2014.06.001⟩. ⟨hal-01945695⟩



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