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Captive bottlenose dolphins and killer whales harbor a species-specific skin microbiota that varies among individuals

Abstract : Marine animals surfaces host diverse microbial communities, which play major roles for host’s health. Most inventories of marine animal surface microbiota have focused on corals and fishes, while cetaceans remain overlooked. The few studies focused on wild cetaceans, making difficult to distinguish intrinsic inter- and/or intraspecific variability in skin microbiota from environmental effects. We used high-throughput sequencing to assess the skin microbiota from 4 body zones of 8 bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and killer whales (Orcinus orca), housed in captivity (Marineland park, France). Overall, cetacean skin microbiota is more diverse than planktonic communities and is dominated by different phylogenetic lineages and functions. In addition, the two cetacean species host different skin microbiotas. Within each species, variability was higher between individuals than between body parts, suggesting a high individuality of cetacean skin microbiota. Overall, the skin microbiota of the assessed cetaceans related more to the humpback whale and fishes’ than to microbiotas of terrestrial mammals.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01929494
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Soumis le : lundi 31 mai 2021 - 14:49:09
Dernière modification le : samedi 16 octobre 2021 - 13:16:42

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Marlène Chiarello, Sébastien Villéger, Corinne Bouvier, J.-C. Auguet, Thierry Bouvier. Captive bottlenose dolphins and killer whales harbor a species-specific skin microbiota that varies among individuals. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-15220-z⟩. ⟨hal-01929494⟩

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