Estimating natural mortality rates and simulating fishing scenarios for Gulf of Mexico red grouper (Epinephelus morio) using the ecosystem model OSMOSE-WFS - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Marine Systems Année : 2016

Estimating natural mortality rates and simulating fishing scenarios for Gulf of Mexico red grouper (Epinephelus morio) using the ecosystem model OSMOSE-WFS

Arnaud Gruss
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Michael Schirripa
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David Chagaris
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Cameron Ainsworth
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Résumé

The ecosystem model OSMOSE-WFS was employed to evaluate natural mortality rates and fishing scenarios for Gulf of Mexico (GOM) red grouper (Epinephelus mono). OSMOSE-WFS represents major high trophic level (HIT.) groups of species of the West Florida Shelf, is forced by the biomass of plankton and benthos groups, and has a monthly tin-se step. The present application of the model uses a recently developed 'stochastic mortality algorithm' to resolve the mortality processes of HTL groups. OSMOSE-WFS predictions suggest that the natural mortality rate of juveniles of GOM red grouper is high and essentially due to predation, while the bulk of the natural mortality of adult red grouper results from causes not represented in OSMOSE-WFS such as, presumably, red tides. These results were communicated to GOM red grouper stock assessments. Moreover, OSMOSE-WFS indicate that altering the fishing mortality of GOM red grouper may have no global impact on the biomass of the major prey of red grouper, due to the high complexity and high redundancy of the modeled system. By contrast altering the fishing mortality of GOM red grouper may have a large impact on the biomass of its major competitors. Increasing the fishing mortality of red grouper would increase the biomass of major competitors, due to reduced competition for food. Conversely, decreasing the fishing mortality of red grouper would diminish the biomass of major competitors, due to increased predation pressure on the juveniles of the major competitors by red grouper. The fishing scenarios that we evaluated may have slightly different impacts in the real world, due to some discrepancies between the diets of red grouper and its major competitors predicted by OSMOSE-WFS and the observed ones. Modifications in OSMOSE-WFS are suggested to reduce these discrepancies. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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hal-01922424 , version 1 (14-11-2018)

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Arnaud Gruss, Michael Schirripa, David Chagaris, Laure Velez, Yunne-Jai Shin, et al.. Estimating natural mortality rates and simulating fishing scenarios for Gulf of Mexico red grouper (Epinephelus morio) using the ecosystem model OSMOSE-WFS. Journal of Marine Systems, 2016, 154 (Part B), pp.264 - 279. ⟨10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.10.014⟩. ⟨hal-01922424⟩
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