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Article Dans Une Revue Oligonucleotides Année : 2003

Oligonucleotide-based Strategies to Inhibit Human Hepatitis C Virus

Résumé

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a worldwide problem, and current antiviral regimens are not satisfactory. The need to develop novel, specific, anti-HCV antiviral drugs is clear. Antisense oligonucleotides (AS-ON), ribozymes, and more recently, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been widely used to control gene expression, and several clinical trials are in progress. The potential to use AS-ON as tools to control HCV infection, either by promoting an RNase H mediated cleavage of viral genomic RNA or by interfering with the assembly of a translation initiation complex on the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is reviewed. Extensive knowledge of IRES structure and conservation among HCV genotypes have rendered the HCV IRES (and, in particular, its IIId loop) particularly attractive for antisense approaches. Encouraging data have been obtained with IRES-targeted RNase H-competent and incompetent ON analogs. We demonstrate here that very short steric blocking ONs can inhibit the formation of translation preinitiation complexes on the IRES and block IRES-mediated translation in a cell-free translation assay and in a transfected hepatoma cell line.
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Dates et versions

hal-01878569 , version 1 (12-02-2019)

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Camille Martinand-Mari, Bernard Lebleu, Ian Robbins. Oligonucleotide-based Strategies to Inhibit Human Hepatitis C Virus. Oligonucleotides, 2003, 13 (6), pp.539 - 548. ⟨10.1089/154545703322860834⟩. ⟨hal-01878569⟩
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