Unusual association of a unique CAG interruption in 5′ of DM1 CTG repeats with intergenerational contractions and low somatic mosaicism - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Human Mutation Année : 2018

Unusual association of a unique CAG interruption in 5′ of DM1 CTG repeats with intergenerational contractions and low somatic mosaicism

Résumé

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a dominant multisystemic disorder associated with high variability of symptoms and anticipation. DM1 is caused by an unstable CTG repeat expansion that usually increases in successive generations and tissues. DM1 family pedigrees have shown that ∼90% and 10% of transmissions result in expansions and contractions of the CTG repeat, respectively. To date, the mechanisms of CTG repeat contraction remain poorly documented in DM1. In this report, we identified two new DM1 families with apparent contractions and no worsening of DM1 symptoms in two and three successive maternal transmissions. A new and unique CAG interruption was found in 5' of the CTG expansion in one family, whereas multiple 5' CCG interruptions were detected in the second family. We showed that these interruptions are associated with maternal intergenerational contractions and low somatic mosaicism in blood. By specific triplet-prime PCR, we observed that CTG repeat changes (contractions/expansions) occur preferentially in 3' of the interruptions for both families.

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Stéphanie Tomé, Elodie Dandelot, Celine Dogan, Alexis Bertrand, David Geneviève, et al.. Unusual association of a unique CAG interruption in 5′ of DM1 CTG repeats with intergenerational contractions and low somatic mosaicism. Human Mutation, 2018, 39 (7), pp.970 - 982. ⟨10.1002/humu.23531⟩. ⟨hal-01870349⟩
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