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Secreted α-Klotho maintains cartilage tissue homeostasis by repressing NOS2 and ZIP8-MMP13 catabolic axis.

Abstract : Progressive loss of tissue homeostasis is a hallmark of numerous age-related pathologies, including osteoarthritis (OA). Accumulation of senescent chondrocytes in joints contributes to the age-dependent cartilage loss of functions through the production of hypertrophy-associated catabolic matrix-remodeling enzymes and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we evaluated the effects of the secreted variant of the anti-aging hormone α-Klotho on cartilage homeostasis during both cartilage formation and OA development. First, we found that α-Klotho expression was detected during mouse limb development, and transiently expressed during in vitro chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Genome-wide gene array analysis of chondrocytes from OA patients revealed that incubation with recombinant secreted α-Klotho repressed expression of the NOS2 and ZIP8/MMP13 catabolic remodeling axis. Accordingly, α-Klotho expression was reduced in chronically IL1β-treated chondrocytes and in cartilage of an OA mouse model. Finally, in vivo intra-articular secreted α-Kotho gene transfer delays cartilage degradation in the OA mouse model. Altogether, our results reveal a new tissue homeostatic function for this anti-aging hormone in protecting against OA onset and progression.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01834060
Contributeur : Alexandre Philips <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 juillet 2018 - 10:59:37
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09

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Paul Chuchana, Anne-Laure Mausset-Bonnefont, Marc Mathieu, Francisco Espinoza, Marisa Teigell, et al.. Secreted α-Klotho maintains cartilage tissue homeostasis by repressing NOS2 and ZIP8-MMP13 catabolic axis.. Aging, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2018, pp.1442-1453. ⟨10.18632/aging/101481⟩. ⟨hal-01834060⟩

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