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Post-prandial hypoglycemia results from a non-glucose-dependent inappropriate insulin secretion in Roux-en-Y gastric bypassed patients

Abstract : BACKGROUND : After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), hypoglycemia can occur and be associated with adverse events such as intense malaise and impaired quality of life. OBJECTIVE : To compare insulin secretion, sensitivity, and clearance between two groups of patients, with or without hypoglycemia, after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT 75-g), and also to compare real-life glucose profiles within these two groups. SETTING : Bariatric surgery referral center. METHODS : This study involves a prospective cohort of 46 consecutive patients who complained of malaise compatible with hypoglycemia after RYGB, in whom an OGTT 75-g was performed. A plasma glucose value of lower than 2.8 mmol/L (50 mg/dl) between 90 and 120 min after the load was considered to be a significant hypoglycemia. The main outcome measures were insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function, and glycemic profiles during the test. Glucose parameters were also evaluated by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in a real-life setting in 43 patients. RESULTS : Twenty-five patients had plasma glucose that was lower than 2.8 mmol/L between 90 and 120 from the load (HYPO group). Twenty-one had plasma glucose that was higher than 2.8 mmol/L (NONHYPO group). The HYPO patients were younger, had lost more weight after RYGB, were less frequently diabetic before surgery, and displayed higher early insulin secretion rates compared with the NONHYPO patients after the 75-g OGTT, and they had lower late insulin secretion rates. The HYPO patients had lower interstitial glucose values in real life, which suggests that a continuum exists between observations with an oral glucose load and real-life interstitial glucose concentrations. CONCLUSIONS : This study suggests that HYPO patients after RYGB display an early increased insulin secretion rate when tested with an OGTT. CGM shows that HYPO patients spend more time below 3.3 mmol/L when compared with NONHYPO patients. This phenotype of patients should be monitored carefully after RYGB.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01819191
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Soumis le : mardi 10 décembre 2019 - 10:35:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 1 avril 2020 - 17:58:07
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Charlotte Vaurs, Jean-Frédéric Brun, Monelle Bertrand, Rémy Burcelin, Maël Chalret Du Rieu, et al.. Post-prandial hypoglycemia results from a non-glucose-dependent inappropriate insulin secretion in Roux-en-Y gastric bypassed patients. Metabolism, WB Saunders, 2016, 65 (3), pp.18 - 26. ⟨10.1016/j.metabol.2015.10.020⟩. ⟨hal-01819191⟩

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