Investigation of the reaction between a homemade PEEK oligomer and an epoxy prepolymer: optimisation of critical Parameters using physico–chemical methods - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Polymers Année : 2024

Investigation of the reaction between a homemade PEEK oligomer and an epoxy prepolymer: optimisation of critical Parameters using physico–chemical methods

Résumé

Several researchers have examined the interest in using a thermoplastic to increase thermoset polymers’ shock resistance. However, fewer studies have examined the nature of the mechanisms involved between both kinds of polymers. This was the objective of our work, which was carried out using a gradual approach. First, we describe the synthesis of a poly(ether ether ketone) oligomer (oPEEK) with hydroxyl terminations from the reaction of hydroquinone and 4,4′-difluorobenzophenone in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone. Then, the main physicochemical properties of this oligomer were determined using different thermal analyses (i.e., differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric (ATG), and thermomechanical analyses) to isolate its response alone. The chemical characterisation of this compound using conventional analytical chemistry techniques was more complex due to its insolubility. To this end, it was sulfonated, according to a well-known process, to make it soluble and enable nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) experiments. Additional information about the structural and chemical characteristics of the oligomer and its average molecular weight could thus be obtained. The synthesis of an oligoPEEK with α,ω-hydroxyl end-groups and a molecular weight of around 5070 g/mol was thus confirmed by NMR. This value was in accordance with that determined by SEC analysis. Next, the reaction of oPEEK with an epoxy prepolymer was demonstrated using DSC and dynamic rheometry. To this end, uncured mixtures of epoxy prepolymer (DGEBA) with different proportions of oPEEK (3, 5, 10 and 25%) were prepared and characterised by both techniques. Ultimately, the epoxy-oPEEK mixture was cured with isophorone diamine. Finally, topological analyses were performed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in tapping mode to investigate the interface quality between the epoxy matrix and the oPEEK particles indirectly. No defects, such as decohesion areas, microvoids, or cracks, were observed between both systems.

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Chimie

Dates et versions

hal-04540653 , version 1 (10-04-2024)

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Léopold Stampfer, Cécile Bouilhac, Tiphaine Mérian, France Chabert, Toufik Djilali, et al.. Investigation of the reaction between a homemade PEEK oligomer and an epoxy prepolymer: optimisation of critical Parameters using physico–chemical methods. Polymers, 2024, 16 (6), pp.764. ⟨10.3390/polym16060764⟩. ⟨hal-04540653⟩
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