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Article Dans Une Revue Ultrasonics Sonochemistry Année : 2024

Magnesium and magnesium alloy dissolution by high intensity focused ultrasound: erosion/cavitation vs. Wave propagation

Résumé

The dissolution of metals, influenced by mechanical and chemical factors, plays a crucial role in various applications. Ultrasonic irradiation has been explored for its ability to enhance dissolution rates and modify surface characteristics. In this study, we investigate the dissolution of magnesium (Mg) and magnesium alloys under high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) conditions with frequency sweeping (wobbling). Our findings reveal distinct effects of cavitation and acoustic streaming on the dissolution process. For pure magnesium, ultrasonic treatment significantly increases dissolution rates compared to silent conditions. Negative frequency sweeps result in the highest dissolution rates, linked to increased cavitation activity, while positive sweeps reduce dissolution rates but maintain acoustic streaming effects. The removal of surface oxides is accelerated in all sonication conditions. Macro-and micro-roughness patterns on the surface correspond to the wobbling frequency range, with wavelengths matching the average ultrasonic frequency. However, dissolution is not uniform across the sample, and preferential attack occurs at the focal point during negative frequency sweeps. In contrast, magnesium alloys exhibit lower dissolution rates than pure Mg. The alloy's mechanical properties make it less susceptible to cavitation erosion but more sensitive to acoustic streaming-induced dissolution. Grain boundaries are preferentially attacked, revealing differences between ductile pure Mg and the harder, more cavitationresistant, alloy. This study highlights the complex interplay between cavitation and acoustic streaming in the dissolution of magnesium and its alloys under HIFU conditions, shedding light on the limits and potential applications of this technique, particularly in microstructure analysis.
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hal-04485214 , version 1 (01-03-2024)

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Noura Sleiman, Rachel Pflieger, Loïc Hallez, Sergey I Nikitenko, Jean-Yves Hihn. Magnesium and magnesium alloy dissolution by high intensity focused ultrasound: erosion/cavitation vs. Wave propagation. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2024, 104, pp.106836. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2024.106836⟩. ⟨hal-04485214⟩
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