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Article Dans Une Revue Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal Année : 2023

Quantitative assessment of mitochondrial morphology relevant for studies on cellular health and environmental toxicity

Résumé

Mitochondria are essential organelles that play crucial roles in cellular energy metabolism, calcium signaling and apoptosis. Their importance in tissue homeostasis and stress responses, combined to their ability to transition between various structural and functional states, make them excellent organelles for monitoring cellular health. Quantitative assessment of mitochondrial morphology can therefore provide valuable insights into environmentally-induced cell damage. High-content screening (HCS) provides a powerful tool for analyzing organelles and cellular substructures. We developed a fully automated and miniaturized HCS wet-plus-dry pipeline (MITOMATICS) exploiting mitochondrial morphology as a marker for monitoring cellular health or damage. MITOMATICS uses an in-house, proprietary software (MitoRadar) to enable fast, exhaustive and cost-effective analysis of mitochondrial morphology and its inherent diversity in live cells. We applied our pipeline and big data analytics software to assess the mitotoxicity of selected chemicals, using the mitochondrial uncoupler CCCP as an internal control. Six different pesticides (inhibiting complexes I, II and III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) were tested as individual compounds and five other pesticides present locally in Occitanie (Southern France) were assessed in combination to determine acute mitotoxicity. Our results show that the assayed pesticides exhibit specific signatures when used as single compounds or chemical mixtures and that they function synergistically to impact mitochondrial architecture. Study of environment-induced mitochondrial damage has the potential to open new fields in mechanistic toxicology, currently underexplored by regulatory toxicology and exposome research. Such exploration could inform health policy guidelines and foster pharmacological intervention, water, air and soil pollution control and food safety.
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Dates et versions

hal-04274749 , version 1 (08-11-2023)

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Sophie Charrasse, Titouan Poquillon, Charlotte Saint-Omer, Manuela Pastore, Benoit Bordignon, et al.. Quantitative assessment of mitochondrial morphology relevant for studies on cellular health and environmental toxicity. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, inPress, 21, pp.5609-5619. ⟨10.1016/j.csbj.2023.11.015⟩. ⟨hal-04274749⟩
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