Topological screen identifies hundreds of Cp190-and CTCF-dependent Drosophila chromatin insulator elements - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Science Advances Année : 2023

Topological screen identifies hundreds of Cp190-and CTCF-dependent Drosophila chromatin insulator elements

Résumé

Drosophila insulators were the first DNA elements found to regulate gene expression by delimiting chromatin contacts. We still do not know how many of them exist and what impact they have on the Drosophila genome folding. Contrary to vertebrates, there is no evidence that fly insulators block cohesin-mediated chromatin loop extrusion. Therefore, their mechanism of action remains uncertain. To bridge these gaps, we mapped chromatin contacts in Drosophila cells lacking the key insulator proteins CTCF and Cp190. With this approach, we found hundreds of insulator elements. Their study indicates that Drosophila insulators play a minor role in the overall genome folding but affect chromatin contacts locally at many loci. Our observations argue that Cp190 promotes cobinding of other insulator proteins and that the model, where Drosophila insulators block chromatin contacts by forming loops, needs revision. Our insulator catalog provides an important resource to study mechanisms of genome folding.

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Génétique
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Dates et versions

hal-04114124 , version 1 (01-06-2023)

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Paternité

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Tatyana G Kahn, Mikhail Savitsky, Chikuan Kuong, Caroline Jacquier, Giacomo Cavalli, et al.. Topological screen identifies hundreds of Cp190-and CTCF-dependent Drosophila chromatin insulator elements. Science Advances , 2023, 9 (5), pp.eade0090. ⟨10.1126/sciadv.ade0090⟩. ⟨hal-04114124⟩
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