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Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Physiology Année : 2022

Mechanisms of Na+ uptake from freshwater habitats in animals

Résumé

Life in fresh water is osmotically and energetically challenging for living organisms, requiring increases in ion uptake from dilute environments. However, mechanisms of ion uptake from freshwater environments are still poorly understood and controversial, especially in arthropods, for which several hypothetical models have been proposed based on incomplete data. One compelling model involves the proton pump V-type H + ATPase (VHA), which energizes the apical membrane, enabling the uptake of Na + (and other cations) via an unknown Na + transporter (referred to as the “Wieczorek Exchanger” in insects). What evidence exists for this model of ion uptake and what is this mystery exchanger or channel that cooperates with VHA? We present results from studies that explore this question in crustaceans, insects, and teleost fish. We argue that the Na + /H + antiporter (NHA) is a likely candidate for the Wieczorek Exchanger in many crustaceans and insects; although, there is no evidence that this is the case for fish. NHA was discovered relatively recently in animals and its functions have not been well characterized. Teleost fish exhibit redundancy of Na + uptake pathways at the gill level, performed by different ion transporter paralogs in diverse cell types, apparently enabling tolerance of low environmental salinity and various pH levels. We argue that much more research is needed on overall mechanisms of ion uptake from freshwater habitats, especially on NHA and other potential Wieczorek Exchangers. Such insights gained would contribute greatly to our general understanding of ionic regulation in diverse species across habitats.
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Dates et versions

hal-04108225 , version 1 (26-05-2023)

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Carol Eunmi Lee, Guy Charmantier, Catherine Lorin-Nebel. Mechanisms of Na+ uptake from freshwater habitats in animals. Frontiers in Physiology, 2022, 13, ⟨10.3389/fphys.2022.1006113⟩. ⟨hal-04108225⟩
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