Green Fabrication of Sustainable Porous Chitosan/Kaolin Composite Membranes Using Polyethylene Glycol as a Porogen: Membrane Morphology and Properties - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Membranes Année : 2023

Green Fabrication of Sustainable Porous Chitosan/Kaolin Composite Membranes Using Polyethylene Glycol as a Porogen: Membrane Morphology and Properties

Résumé

One of the major challenges in membrane manufacturing today is to reduce the environmental footprint by promoting biobased raw materials and limiting the use of toxic solvents. In this context, environmentally friendly chitosan/kaolin composite membranes, prepared using phase separation in water induced by a pH gradient, have been developed. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) with a molar mass ranging from 400 to 10,000 g·mol−1 was used as a pore forming agent. The addition of PEG to the dope solution strongly modified the morphology and properties of the formed membranes. These results indicated that PEG migration induced the formation of a network of channels promoting the penetration of the non-solvent during the phase separation process, resulting in an increase in porosity and the formation of a finger-like structure surmounted by a denser structure of interconnected pores of 50–70 nm in diameter. The hydrophilicity of the membrane surface increased likely related to PEG trapping in the composite matrix. Both phenomena were more marked as the PEG polymer chain was longer, resulting in a threefold improvement in filtration properties.
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Dates et versions

hal-04097981 , version 1 (16-05-2023)

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Sonia Bouzid Rekik, Sana Gassara, André Deratani. Green Fabrication of Sustainable Porous Chitosan/Kaolin Composite Membranes Using Polyethylene Glycol as a Porogen: Membrane Morphology and Properties. Membranes, 2023, 13 (4), pp.378. ⟨10.3390/membranes13040378⟩. ⟨hal-04097981⟩
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