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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of the American Chemical Society Année : 2023

Operando Spectroscopic Analysis of Axial Oxygen-Coordinated Single-Sn-Atom Sites for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction

Jie Ding
Junhu Wang
Bin Liu

Résumé

Sn-based materials have been demonstrated as promising catalysts for the selective electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). However, the detailed structures of catalytic intermediates and the key surface species remain to be identified. In this work, a series of single-Sn-atom catalysts with well-defined structures is developed as model systems to explore their electrochemical reactivity toward CO2RR. The selectivity and activity of CO2 reduction to formic acid on Sn-single-atom sites are shown to be correlated with Sn(IV)-N4 moieties axially coordinated with oxygen (O–Sn–N4), reaching an optimal HCOOH Faradaic efficiency of 89.4% with a partial current density (jHCOOH) of 74.8 mA·cm–2 at −1.0 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Employing a combination of operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy, attenuated total reflectance surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and 119Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy, surface-bound bidentate tin carbonate species are captured during CO2RR. Moreover, the electronic and coordination structures of the single-Sn-atom species under reaction conditions are determined. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations further support the preferred formation of Sn–O–CO2 species over the O–Sn–N4 sites, which effectively modulates the adsorption configuration of the reactive intermediates and lowers the energy barrier for the hydrogenation of *OCHO species, as compared to the preferred formation of *COOH species over the Sn–N4 sites, thereby greatly facilitating CO2-to-HCOOH conversion.

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hal-04062194 , version 1 (07-04-2023)

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Yachen Deng, Jian Zhao, Shifu Wang, Ruru Chen, Jie Ding, et al.. Operando Spectroscopic Analysis of Axial Oxygen-Coordinated Single-Sn-Atom Sites for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2023, 145 (13), pp.7242-7251. ⟨10.1021/jacs.2c12952⟩. ⟨hal-04062194⟩
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