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Article Dans Une Revue Evolution and Human Behavior Année : 2012

Handedness and socioeconomic status in an urban population in Uzbekistan

Résumé

The persistence of left-handers in every human population studied to date is an evolutionary puzzle in light of evidence of survival costs associated with left-handedness. Associations between left-handedness and socioeconomic advantages have been observed in Western countries and could provide left-handers fitness benefits through higher survival chances and greater reproductive success. We aimed to explore the generality of this result in another culture. For this purpose, we investigated several socioeconomic status indicators and the number of children alive for 917 men and women in Uzbekistan and compared results for two different measures of handedness: hand preferences for writing and for knife use. Among both men and women, left-handed writers were significantly more likely to own a car, own a washing machine and have a bank account. Left-handed women (using both measures) had a higher income than right-handed women. Among men, left-handers for knife use had a higher income than right-handers. The results of our study suggest that the previously observed socioeconomic advantage of left-handers in Western populations also applies to non-Western populations, at least in the urban environment studied. However, we did not detect any difference in the number of children. We discussed how the frequency-dependent socioeconomic status advantage could be responsible for the persistence of left-handers throughout human evolution.

Dates et versions

hal-04023682 , version 1 (10-03-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Charlotte Faurie, Violaine Llaurens, Tatyana Hegay, Michel Raymond. Handedness and socioeconomic status in an urban population in Uzbekistan. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2012, 33 (1), pp.35-41. ⟨10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2011.05.003⟩. ⟨hal-04023682⟩
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