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Article Dans Une Revue Radiochimica Acta Année : 2022

Sonochemistry of actinides: from ions to nanoparticles and beyond

Résumé

Sonochemistry studies chemical and physical effects in liquids submitted to power ultrasound. These effects arise not from a direct interaction of molecules with sound waves, but rather from the acoustic cavitation: the nucleation, growth, and implosive collapse of microbubbles in liquids submitted to power ultrasound. The violent implosion of bubbles leads to the formation of chemically reactive species. In principle, each cavitation bubble can be considered as a microreactor initiating chemical reactions at mild conditions. In addition, microjets and shock waves accompanied bubble collapse produce fragmentation, dispersion and erosion of solid surfaces or particles. Microbubbles oscillating in liquids also enable nucleation and precipitation of nanosized actinide compounds with specific morphology. This review focuses on the versatile sonochemical processes with actinide ions and particles in homogeneous solutions and heterogeneous systems. The redox reactions in aqueous solutions, dissolution or precipitation of refractory solids, synthesis of actinide nanoparticles, and ultrasonically driving decontamination are considered. The guideline for further research is also discussed.

Domaines

Radiochimie Chimie
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Dates et versions

hal-03916064 , version 1 (30-12-2022)

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Sergey Nikitenko, Matthieu Virot, Philippe Moisy. Sonochemistry of actinides: from ions to nanoparticles and beyond. Radiochimica Acta, 2022, 110 (6-9), pp.453-470. ⟨10.1515/ract-2021-1142⟩. ⟨hal-03916064⟩
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