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Article Dans Une Revue CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES Année : 2022

Extreme variability in European eel growth revealed by an extended mark and recapture experiment in southern France and implications for management

Résumé

The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is endangered due to its peculiar life-history cycle, fishing pressure and difficulty in global population management. To improve our understanding of the population dynamics and refine conservation policies, an extended mark and recapture experiment and glass eel stocking were conducted in the River Rhone Delta (France) over 8 years. Around 1100 yellow eels were PIT-tagged and released in 2007, 2.5 kg of glass eels were released each year from 2008 to 2012, and the population was monitored using fishing between 2007 and 2015. After capture or recapture, the body parameters, sex and maturity were assessed. Age was estimated from otolith growth rings. At the end of the experiment, silver eels were between 352 and 875 mm long (age 17 to 185 months) and yellow eels between 170 and 868 mm long (age 12 to 123 months). Age estimates were validated using mark and recapture and showed 16% age underestimates and 5% inaccurate ages. The growth rates were extremely variable with lengths ranged by 2-fold at a given age. These results highlight the difficulty of eel population management, at least in the Mediterranean area.
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Dates et versions

hal-03669636 , version 1 (16-05-2022)

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Jacques Panfili, Clarisse Boulenger, Camille Musseau, Alain J. Crivelli. Extreme variability in European eel growth revealed by an extended mark and recapture experiment in southern France and implications for management. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES, 2022, 79 (4), pp.631--641. ⟨10.1139/cjfas-2020-0419⟩. ⟨hal-03669636⟩
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