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Article Dans Une Revue Life Année : 2021

Deep Brain Stimulation and Hypoxemic Perinatal Encephalopathy: State of Art and Perspectives

Résumé

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a heterogeneous group of non-progressive syndromes with lots of clinical variations due to the extent of brain damages and etiologies. CP is majorly defined by dystonia and spasticity. The treatment of acquired dystonia in CP is very difficult. Many pharmacological treatments have been tried and surgical treatment consists of deep brain stimulation (continuous electrical neuromodulation) of internal globus pallidus (GPi). A peculiar cause of CP is neonatal encephalopathy due to an anoxic event in the perinatal period. Many studies showed an improvement of dystonia in CP patients with bilateral GPi DBS. However, it remains a variability in the range of 1% to 50%. Published case-series concerned mainly small population with a majority of adult patients. Selection of patients according to the clinical pattern, to the brain lesions observed on classical imaging and to DTI is the key of a high success rate of DBS in children with perinatal hypoxemic encephalopathy. Only a large retrospective study with a high number of patients in a homogeneous pediatric population with a long-term follow-up or a prospective multicenter trial investigation could answer with a high degree of certitude of the real interest of this therapeutic in children with hypoxemic perinatal encephalopathy.
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hal-03652422 , version 1 (26-04-2022)

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Gaëtan Poulen, Emilie Chan-Seng, Emily Sanrey, Philippe Coubes. Deep Brain Stimulation and Hypoxemic Perinatal Encephalopathy: State of Art and Perspectives. Life, 2021, 11 (6), pp.481. ⟨10.3390/life11060481⟩. ⟨hal-03652422⟩
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